In situ Cs-133 and H-1 solution-phase NMR, thermoanalytical and X-ray diffraction studies of the adsorption of polyalkyleneglycol on Texas bentonite

BREEN, C., RAWSON, J. O., MANN, B. E. and ASTON, M. (1998). In situ Cs-133 and H-1 solution-phase NMR, thermoanalytical and X-ray diffraction studies of the adsorption of polyalkyleneglycol on Texas bentonite. Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 132 (1), 17-30.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/S0927-7757(97)00153-2

Abstract

The isotherms for the adsorption of a polyalkylene glycol (PAG1), of molecular weight <1000, onto Na+-, K+-, Cs+- and Mn2+-exchanged Texas bentonite are all of low affinity and the amount adsorbed increased in the sequence Cs<Na<Mn. X-ray diffraction studies showed that all exchange forms, except Cs, adsorbed two layers of PAG1 and the thermal stability of the PAG1/clay complexes paralleled the amount adsorbed. Washing the complexes once with water reduced the amount adsorbed by 50% and removed a layer of PAG1 from the interlamellar region, thus reducing the d-spacing to 14.5 Angstrom. Cs-133 NMR of clay suspensions, containing 2.5 wt.% bentonite, confirmed that PAG1 alone could not displace the resident Cs+-ions from the clay nor did the PAG1 interfere with the displacement of Cs+-ions by low molecular weight polycation. H-1 NMR shows PAG1 was incapable of displacing hydration-shell water molecules from the Mn2+-ions occupying the exchange sites on the clay. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0927-7757(97)00153-2
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 13 May 2010 09:58
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 17:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1851

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