BREEN, C., MADEJOVA, J. and KOMADEL, P. (1995). Correlation of catalytic activity with infrared, Si-29 MAS NMR and acidity data for HCL-treated fine fractions of montmorillonites. Applied Clay Science, 10 (3), 219-230.Full text not available from this repository.
The <2 mu m fractions of SAz-1 (Cheto, Arizona, USA) and JP (Jelsovy Potok, Slovakia) montmorillonites were treated with 6 M HCl for 30, 300 and 900 minutes at 95 degrees C. The materials obtained were investigated by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and Si-29 MAS NMR spectroscopy. The number of acid sites was determined from the thermal desorption of cyclohexylamine and the catalytic activity was evaluated by reacting 2,3-dihydropyran with methanol to yield the tetrahydropyranyl ether. All the investigative methods utilised, which each provided discrete evidence for the depopulation of the octahedral sheet, confirmed that treatment of SAz-1 for 300 and 900 minutes caused complete destruction of the original structure. In contrast JP was more resistant to acid attack and the treatments resulted in materials with different levels of structural decomposition. Samples of JP and SAz-1 treated for 30 minutes exhibited Bronsted acidities commensurate with the exchange capacities of the parent materials and this was reflected in their catalytic activity. A reduction in both acidity and catalytic activity was observed after longer treatment times and this was attributed to the presence of fewer exchange sites due to the depopulation of the octahedral sheet. The Ca back-exchanged samples did not catalyse the ether forming reaction.
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group|
|Depositing User:||Jill Hazard|
|Date Deposited:||14 May 2010 11:11|
|Last Modified:||28 Sep 2010 16:12|
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