Falls, cognitive function, and balance profiles of Singapore community-dwelling elderly individuals: Key risk factors

WOO, Mei Teng, DAVIDS, Keith, LIUKKONEN, Jarmo, CHOW, Jia Yi and JAAKKOLA, Timo (2017). Falls, cognitive function, and balance profiles of Singapore community-dwelling elderly individuals: Key risk factors. Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, 8 (4), 256-262.

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Official URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2151458517...
Link to published version:: 10.1177/2151458517745989

Abstract

Objective: This study compared occurrence of falls, cognitive function, and balance profiles across participants in elderly age categories, investigating associations between the 3 aspects in a sample of Singapore’s elderly population. Method: Community-dwelling elderly individuals (N = 385) were randomly recruited and grouped into “young-old (65-74 years),” “medium-old (75-84 years),” and “oldest-old (above 85 years)” groups. The Fallproof Health and Activity questionnaire, adapted Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) tests were used to survey information related to falls, cognition, and balance profiles. Results: Findings revealed significant differences in MMSE and BBS scores across the age groups. Participants with mild cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] = 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.08-3.25) and BBS score ≤40 (OR = 0.25, 95% CI = 0.14-0.46) were at the highest risk of falling. Conclusion: Community-dwelling elderly individuals with subtle cognitive impairment and BBS scores ≤40 displayed an increased risk of falling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surgery, Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Geriatrics and Gerontology
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1177/2151458517745989
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Margaret Boot
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2018 14:36
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2018 15:37
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17698

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