Estimated peak functional capacity: an accurate method for assessing change in peak oxygen consumption after cardiac rehabilitation?

NICHOLS, Simon, GLEADALL-SIDALL, D.O., ANTONY, R., CLARK, A.L., CLELAND, J.G.F. and INGLE, L (2017). Estimated peak functional capacity: an accurate method for assessing change in peak oxygen consumption after cardiac rehabilitation? Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.. (In Press)

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Link to published version:: 10.1111/cpf.12468

Abstract

Objective: Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the “gold standard” method of determining VO2peak. When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. Methods: 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88.9% male; age 59.5 ± 10.0 years, body mass index 29.6 ± 3.8 kg.m-2) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise based CR intervention. VO2peak was directly determined using ventilatory gas exchange data and was also estimated using the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) leg cycling equation for METs. Agreement between changes in directly determined VO2peak and VO2peak estimated from METs was tested using Bland-Altman limits of agreement (LoA), and intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: Directly determined VO2peak did not increase significantly following CR (0.5 ml.kg-1.min-1 (2.7%); p=0.332). In contrast, estimated VO2peak increased significantly (0.4 METs; 1.4 ml.kg-1.min-1; 6.7%; p=0.006). The mean bias for estimated VO2peak versus directly-determined VO2peak was 0.7 ml.kg-1.min-1 (LoA -4.7 to 5.9 ml.kg-1.min-1). Aerobic efficiency, (ΔVO2/ΔWR slope) was significantly associated with estimated VO2peak measurement error. Conclusion: Changes in estimated VO2peak determined using the ACSM equation for leg cycling are not accurate surrogates for directly determined changes in VO2peak. Reporting mean CRF changes using estimated METs may over-estimate the efficacy of CR and lead to a different interpretation of study findings compared to directly determined VO2peak. Key Words: CHD, Coronary Heart Disease, Cardiac Rehab, Cardiovascular Rehab, Exercise Testing, Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing, Metabolic Equivalents, METs Clinicaltrial.gov identifier: NCT01761448

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number: 10.1111/cpf.12468
Depositing User: Amanda Keeling
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2017 08:37
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2017 18:21
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16620

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