The role of non-invasive camera technology for gait analysis in patients with vestibular disorders

DIMITRIADIS, Panagiotis, DUNN, Marcus and RAY, Jaydip (2017). The role of non-invasive camera technology for gait analysis in patients with vestibular disorders. In: IFOS (International Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies) World Congress, Paris, France, 24-28 June 2017.

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Abstract

Purpose of the study Current balance assessments performed in clinical settings do not provide objective measurements of gait. Further, objective gait analysis typically requires expensive, large and dedicated laboratory facilities. The aim of this pilot study was to develop and assess a low-cost, non-invasive camera technology for gait analysis, to assist the clinical assessment of patients with vestibular disorders. Materials and methods used This is a prospective, case-controlled study that was developed jointly by the local Neurotology Department and the Centre for Sports Engineering Research. Eligible participants were approached and recruited at the local Neurotology Clinic. The gait assessment included two repetitions of a straight 7-metre walk. The gait analysis system, comprised of a camera (P3215-V, Axis Communications, Sweden) and analysis software was installed in an appropriately sized clinic room. Parameters extruded were walking velocity, step velocity, step length, cadence and step count per meter. The effect sizes (ESB) were calculated using the MatLab and were considered large, medium or small if >0.8, 0.5 and 0.2 respectively. This study was granted ethical approval by the Coventry and Warwickshire Research Ethics Committee (15/WM/0448). Results Six patients with vestibular dysfunction (P group) and six age-matched healthy volunteers (V group) were recruited in this study. The average velocity of gait for P group was 1189.1 ± 69.0 mm·s-1 whereas for V group it was 1351.4 ± 179.2 mm·s-1, (ESB: -0.91). The mean step velocities were 1353.1 ± 591.8 mm·s-1 and 1434.0 ± 396.5 mm·s-1 for P and V groups respectively (ESB: -0.20). The average cadence was 2.3 ± 0.9 Hz and 2.0 ± 0.5 Hz for P and V groups respectively (ESB: 0.60). The mean step length was 620.5 ± 150.7 mm for the P group and 728.5 ± 86.0 mm for the V group (ESB = -1.26). The average step count per meter was 1.7 ± 0.3 and 1.4 ± 0.1 for P and V groups respectively (ESB = 3.38). Conclusion This pilot study used a low-cost, non-invasive camera technology to identify changes in gait characteristics. Further, gait measurements were obtained without the application of markers or sensors to patients (i.e. non-invasive), thus allowing current, clinical practice to be supplemented by objective measurement, with minimal procedural impact. Further work needs to be undertaken to refine the device and produce normative data. In the future, similar technologies could be used in the community setting, providing an excellent diagnostic and monitoring tool for balance patients.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: Paper EQ-P-25
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Marcus Dunn
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2017 13:17
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2017 21:47
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16206

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