Home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games 1976–2014

WILSON, Darryl and RAMCHANDANI, Girish (2017). Home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games 1976–2014. Sport Sciences for Health, 13 (2), 355-363.

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Purpose: There is a limited amount of home advantage research concerned with winter sports. There is also a distinct lack of studies that investigate home advantage in the context of para-sport events. This paper addresses this gap in the knowledge by examining home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games. Methods: Using a standardised measure of success, we compared the performances of host nations at home with their own performances away from home between 1976 and 2014. Both country level and individual sport level analysis is conducted for this time period. Comparisons are also drawn with the Winter Olympic Games since 1992, the point from which both the Winter Olympic Games and the Winter Paralympic Games have been hosted by the same nations and in the same years. Results: Clear evidence of a home advantage effect in the Winter Paralympic Games was found at country level. When examining individual sports, only alpine skiing and cross country skiing returned a significant home advantage effect. When comparing home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games with the Winter Olympic Games for the last seven host nations (1992–2014), we found that home advantage was generally more pronounced (although not a statistically significant difference) in the case of the former. Conclusion: The causes of home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games are unclear and should be investigated further.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disability sport, Home advantage, Olympics, Paralympics, Performance
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Sport Industry Research Centre
Departments: Health and Well-being > Sport
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-017-0365-6
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Girish Ramchandani
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2017 10:42
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2018 21:04
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15848

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