Creating drag and lift curves from soccer trajectories

GOFF, John, KELLEY, John, HOBSON, Chad, SEO, Kazuya, ASAI, Takeshi and CHOPPIN, Simon (2017). Creating drag and lift curves from soccer trajectories. European Journal of Physics, 38 (4).

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-640...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6404/aa6fcd
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    Abstract

    Trajectory analysis is an alternative to using wind tunnels to measure a soccer balls aerodynamic properties. It has advantages over wind tunnel testing such as being more representative of game play. However, previous work has not presented a method that produces complete, speed -dependent drag and lift coefficients. Four high-speed cameras in stereo-calibrated pairs were used to measure the spatial co-ordinates for 29 separate soccer trajectories. Those trajectories span a range of launch speeds from 9.3 m/s to 29.9 m/s. That range encompasses low-speed laminar flow of air over a soccer ball, through the drag crises where air flow is both laminar and turbulent, and up to high-speed turbulent air flow. Results from trajectory analysis were combined to give speed-dependent drag and lift coefficient curves for the entire range of speeds found in the 29 trajectories. Average root mean square error between measured and modelled trajectory was 0.028 m horizontally and 0.034 m vertically. The drag and lift crises can be observed in the plots of drag and lift coefficients respectively.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6404/aa6fcd
    Depositing User: Jill Hazard
    Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 13:03
    Last Modified: 26 May 2018 19:38
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15728

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