Visualization study on the instabilities of phase-change heat transfer in a flat two-phase closed thermosyphon

XIA, Guodong, WANG, Wei, CHENG, Lixin and MA, Dandan (2017). Visualization study on the instabilities of phase-change heat transfer in a flat two-phase closed thermosyphon. Applied Thermal Engineering, 116, 392-405.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.096


This paper presents systematic experiments and visualization on the instabilities of phase-change heat transfer for water, ethanol and acetone in a flat evaporator of a two phase closed system, respectively. The effects of the heat flux, filling ratio, coolant temperature and working fluid type on the instabilities and their mechanisms have been systematically investigated. The experimental results show that the instabilities of phase-change heat transfer are strongly related to the corresponding heat transfer modes. The instabilities of temperature and heat transfer coefficient (HTC) of the evaporator are mainly caused by the bubble behaviours, the physical properties and the operation pressures. Natural convection, intermittent boiling and fully developed nucleate boiling are the main heat transfer modes in the present study. The condensate droplets may affect the instabilities due to inducing periodic boiling at lower heat fluxes. The maximum standard deviations of the evaporator temperature and vapor pressure fluctuations can reach 3.1 °C and 0.8 kPa respectively during the intermittent boiling. There is no intermittent boiling regime for ethanol and acetone in the present study. Therefore, no instability phenomena of nucleate boiling with ethanol and acetone are observed in the present study.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.096
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2017 12:16
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2018 21:07

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