Anaphoric Islands and Anaphoric Forms: The Role of Explicit and Implicit Focus

GARNHAM, Alan, OAKHILL, Jane and REYNOLDS, David (2017). Anaphoric Islands and Anaphoric Forms: The Role of Explicit and Implicit Focus. Discourse Processes, 55 (2), 197-205.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0163853...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853x.2017.1330033
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    Abstract

    Two experiments are reported in which people resolve references to sets of entities (e.g. lies) that have previously been introduced either explicitly into a text (“the lies”) or implicitly via a cognate verb (a form of the verb “to lie”). Pronominal references to such entities were judged as relatively unacceptable, and required longer judgement times when judgements were positive, compared to cases in which the antecedent was explicit. This finding suggests that the inference from the activity of lying to a set of lies is made in the backwards direction (Garnham & Oakhill, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40A, 719-735) . Results with full noun phrase anaphors show a different pattern, with no penalty in either times or acceptability judgements for the implicit case. The results are discussed in terms of Sanford and Garrod’s (1981, Understanding written language) hypotheses about reference processing and the notion of the centrality of an antecedent in a scenario.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Psychology Research Group
    Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities > Department of Psychology, Sociology and Politics
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/0163853x.2017.1330033
    Page Range: 197-205
    Depositing User: David Reynolds
    Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2017 12:09
    Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 01:20
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14852

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