Differences in formal and informal sports participation at regional level in England

KOKOLAKAKIS, Themis, CASTELLANOS-GARCÍA, Pablo and LERA-LÓPEZ, Fernando (2017). Differences in formal and informal sports participation at regional level in England. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 1-14.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/194069...
Link to published version:: 10.1080/19406940.2017.1287757

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the paper is to provide a regional approach to analyse sports participation in two different contexts: organised/formal versus non-organised/informal participation, using the England's Active People Survey (APS) national dataset. Method: We have estimated two models: first, a general model to explain differences in regional informal and formal participation rates; second, an econometric model dealing with formal participation at a regular frequency. Results: The results emphasise the different roles played by some correlates depending on the context of sports participation under study. Only economic and cultural variables seem to have a general influence throughout all the sports participation contexts. The results reinforce the role played by sport supply and sport funding in some sports participation levels, offering interesting implications for sport policy. The urban environment, for example, appears to be positively related to the transition from informal to formal sport participation. Conclusions: The distinct analysis of the sports participation contexts provides the opportunity to evaluate ways of boosting that participation as well as to suggest some interesting policy implications towards this aim. For example, sporting infrastructure is only influential for the transition from non-participation to formal participation, implying that in general the key question about sport funding and supply is not the amount of funds but rather the direction and aims of sport policy. Finally, the paper offers some explanations about the gender inequality detected in some forms of sports participation. Keywords: sports participation, formal and informal participation, sports infrastructure, Dirichlet model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sports participation, formal and informal participation, sports infrastructure, Dirichlet model.
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Sport Industry Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1080/19406940.2017.1287757
Depositing User: Themis Kokolakakis
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 12:50
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 19:16
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14821

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