Examining theories of cognitive ageing using the false memory paradigm

ASKEY, Charlotte and PLAYFOOT, David (2018). Examining theories of cognitive ageing using the false memory paradigm. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71 (4), 931-939.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1307433


Changes in memory performance with advancing age have been well-documented, even in the absence of brain injury or dementia. The mechanisms underlying cognitive ageing are still a matter of debate. The current paper describes a comparison between young (18-25 year old) and older (60+ years) adults using the Deese-Roediger-McDermott false memory paradigm and manipulating the number of words included in the memory lists. Two key theories of cognitive ageing (the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis and the Transmission Deficit Hypothesis) predict opposing patterns on this task. Results showed that longer lists increase the likelihood that a lure is retrieved and that older adults are more susceptible to false memories than are younger adults. We argue that these findings are supportive of the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis and cannot easily be reconciled with the Transmission Deficit Hypothesis account.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive ageing, Transmission Deficit Hypothesis, Inhibitory Deficit hypothesis, False memory
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Psychology Research Group
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities > Department of Psychology, Sociology and Politics
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1307433
Page Range: 931-939
Depositing User: David Playfoot
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2017 11:27
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 07:19
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14653

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