Physical activity promotion in physiotherapy practice: a systematic scoping review of a decade of literature

LOWE, Anna, GEE, Melanie, LITTLEWOOD, Chris, MCLEAN, Sionnadh, LINDSAY, Carolyn and EVERETT, Simon (2016). Physical activity promotion in physiotherapy practice: a systematic scoping review of a decade of literature. British Journal of Sports Medicine. (In Press)

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Link to published version:: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096735

Abstract

Background: The health benefits of physical activity (PA) have been extensively documented. Globally PA levels are low with only a small proportion of the population reaching recommended levels. Insufficient PA is seen as a major public health problem with high cost to society. Physiotherapists work with people to manage long-term conditions and are well-placed to deliver individual interventions to increase PA. Despite this little is known about the evidence that exists in this field. Methods: This scoping review comprises a comprehensive search of key databases using pre-determined search terms. This is supplemented with a parallel search that incorporated novel social media strands. In-line with current guidance, a robust screening process took place using agreed inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Thirty one studies met the inclusion criteria. The number of studies published annually increased over the decade. Ireland and USA yielded the largest number of publications with only one study from the UK. The target populations included physiotherapists and service users from a range of clinical populations. The studies were mainly quantitative and observational in design with a predominance of studies that scoped attitudes, perceptions, barriers and current practice. Conclusions: This reconnaissance has shown the state of the evidence to be sparse and disparate. However, the sharp rise in published work in recent years is encouraging. The predominance of scoping studies and the clear social, economic and political drivers for change in this area highlights a need for more pragmatic, interventional studies that can inform clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Departments: Health and Well-being > Allied Health Professions
Identification Number: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096735
Depositing User: Anna Lowe
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2016 11:35
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 16:48
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14164

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