A systematic investigation of the performance of copper-, cobalt-, iron-, manganese-, and nickel-based oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion technology through simulation studies

MUKHERJEE, Sanjay, KUMAR, Prashant, YANG, Aidong and FENNELL, Paul (2015). A systematic investigation of the performance of copper-, cobalt-, iron-, manganese-, and nickel-based oxygen carriers for chemical looping combustion technology through simulation studies. Chemical Engineering Science, 130, 79-91.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.ces.2015.03.009

Abstract

The Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle coupled with chemical looping combustion (IGCC-CLC) is one of the most promising technologies that allow generation of cleaner energy from coal by capturing carbon dioxide (CO2). It is essential to compare and evaluate the performances of various oxygen carriers (OC), used in the CLC system; these are crucial for the success of IGCC-CLC technology. Research on OCs has hitherto been restricted to small laboratory and pilot scale experiments. It is therefore necessary to examine the performance of OCs in large-scale systems with more extensive analysis. This study compares the performance of five different OCs – copper, cobalt, iron, manganese and nickel oxides – for large-scale (350–400 MW) IGCC-CLC processes through simulation studies. Further, the effect of three different process configurations: (i) water-cooling, (ii) air-cooling and (iii) air-cooling along with air separation unit (ASU) integration of the CLC air reactor, on the power output of IGCC-CLC processes – are also investigated. The simulation results suggest that iron-based OCs, with 34.3% net electrical efficiency and ~100% CO2 capture rate lead to the most efficient process among all the five studied OCs. A net electrical efficiency penalty of 7.1–8.1% points leads to the IGCC-CLC process being more efficient than amine based post-combustion capture technology and equally efficient to the solvent based pre-combustion capture technology. The net electrical efficiency of the IGCC-CLC process increased by 0.6–2.1% with the use of air-cooling and ASU integration, compared with the water- and air-cooling cases. This work successfully demonstrates a correlation between the reaction enthalpies of different OCs and power output, which suggests that the OCs with higher values of reaction enthalpy for oxidation (ΔHr, oxidation) with air-cooling are more valuable for the IGCC-CLC.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: National Centre of Excellence for Food Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ces.2015.03.009
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sanjay Mukherjee
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2016 17:48
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2016 19:26
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14136

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