Graphic imagery is not sufficient for increased attention to cigarette warnings: the role of text captions

BROWN, Kyle G., REIDY, John, WEIGHALL, Anna R. and ARDEN, Madelynne A. (2013). Graphic imagery is not sufficient for increased attention to cigarette warnings: the role of text captions. Addiction, 108 (4), 820-825.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.comdoi/10.1111/add.1200...
Link to published version:: 10.1111/add.12008

Abstract

Aims The present study aims to assess the extent to which attention to UK cigarette warnings is attributable to the graphic nature of the content. Design A visual dot probe task was utilised, with the warnings serving as critical stimuli that were manipulated for the presence of graphic versus neutral image content, and the accompanying text caption. This mixed design yielded image content (graphic v neutrally matched images) and presence (versus absence) of text caption as within subjects variables and smoking status as a between participants variable. Setting The experiment took place within the laboratories of a UK university. Participants 86 psychology undergraduates (51% Smokers, 69% female), predominantly of Caucasian ethnicity took part. Measurements Reaction times towards probes replacing graphic images relative to probes replacing neutral images were utilised to create an index of attentional bias. Findings Bias scores (M = 10.20 ± 2.56) highlighted that the graphic image content of the warnings elicited attentional biases (relative to neutral images) for smokers. This only occurred in the presence of an accompanying text caption however, t (43) = 3.950, p < .001, as opposed to when no caption was present, t (43) = .029, p = .977. Non-smokers showed no biases in both instances. Conclusions Graphic imagery on cigarette packets increases attentional capture, but only when accompanied by a text message about health risks.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Psychology Research Group
Departments: Development and Society > Psychology, Sociology and Politics
Identification Number: 10.1111/add.12008
Depositing User: John Reidy
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2016 15:28
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 13:55
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14066

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