Numerical investigation for the enhancement of the aerodynamic characteristics of NACA 0012 aerofoil by using a gurney flap

DAKKA, Sam and AL-MAWALI, Julanda (2016). Numerical investigation for the enhancement of the aerodynamic characteristics of NACA 0012 aerofoil by using a gurney flap. In: Second Internation Conference on Science, Engineering and Environment. Geomate International Society. (In Press)

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Abstract

Numerical investigation was carried out to determine the effect of a Gurney Flap on NACA 0012 aerofoil performance with emphasis on Unmanned Air Vehicles applications. The study examined different configurations of Gurney Flaps at high Reynolds number of Re=3.6×〖10〗^5 in order to determine the optimal configuration. The Gurney flap was tested at different heights, locations and mounting angles. Compared to the clean aerofoil, the study found that adding the Gurney Flap increased the maximum lift coefficient by19%, 22%, 28%, 40% and 45% for the Gurney Flap height of 1%C, 1.5%C, 2%C, 3%C and 4%C respectively, C represents the chord of the aerofoil. However, it was also found that increasing the height of the gurney beyond 2%C leads to a decrease in the overall performance of the aerofoil due to the significant increase in drag penalty. Thus, the optimal height of the Gurney flap for the NACA 0012 aerofoil was found to be 2%C as it improves the overall performance of the aerofoil by 21%. As for the location, it was found that the lifting-enhanced effect of the gurney flap decreases as it is shifted towards the leading edge. Thus the optimal location of the Gurney Flap mounting was found to be at the trailing edge or at distances smaller than 10%C. The Gurney flap was also tested at different mounting angles of -45, 90 and +45 degrees and it was found that the Gurney flap at +45 mounting angle leads to the optimal performance of the aerofoil.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Proceedings of SEE Osaka, Japan, 21-23 November 2016
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gurney flap, Aerodynamic simulation, NACA0012 Airofoil, FLUENT
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Research
Departments: Arts, Computing, Engineering and Sciences > Engineering and Mathematics
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sam Dakka
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2016 13:40
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 23:05
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14006

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