Exploring the Relationship between Callous-Unemotional Traits, Empathy Processing and Affective Valence in a General Population

LETHBRIDGE, Emma, RICHARDSON, Paul, REIDY, Lisa and TAROYAN, Naira (2017). Exploring the Relationship between Callous-Unemotional Traits, Empathy Processing and Affective Valence in a General Population. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 13 (1), 162-172.

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Official URL: http://ejop.psychopen.eu/index.php/ejop
Link to published version:: 10.5964/ejop.v13i1.1179

Abstract

Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits are personality attributes, which are associated with a deficit of affective valence and reduced empathetic responding in high CU trait clinical populations (Guay, Ruscio, Knight, & Hare, 2007). The aim of the research was to explore whether a similar pattern of empathy and emotional responding correlated with CU trait manifestation in the general population. A total of 124 participants completed the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (Frick, 2004), the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis, 1983), the Empathy Quotient (Baron-Cohen & Wheelwright, 2004), an expression recognition task, and a measure of affective response. Negative correlations with CU trait score were observed for both cognitive empathy and emotional empathy. Accuracy in the identification of fearful expressions presented a negative association with CU trait score. Self-rating of affective valence, when viewing both positive and negative images, indicates a universal reduction in emotional response associated with increased CU trait manifestation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Callous – unemotional traits; CU traits; Emotion; Empathy; Affective valence; personality
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Identification Number: 10.5964/ejop.v13i1.1179
Depositing User: Paul Richardson
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 09:54
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 01:24
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13936

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