Structural changes in FeOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts during ethylbenzene dehydrogenation

MEDIERO-MUNOYERRO, M J, MCGREGOR, J, MCMILLAN, L, AL-YASSIR, N, BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue, GORIN, Colin, AL-KHATTAF, S, GLADDEN, L F and MIDGLEY, P A (2016). Structural changes in FeOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts during ethylbenzene dehydrogenation. Catalysis, Structure and Reactivity, 2 (1), 25-32.

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Link to published version:: 10.1080/2055074X.2016.1234116


The structural changes that occur in a FeOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst during the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene in a fluidized CREC Riser Simulator have been investigated. Chemical and morphological changes are observed to take place as a result of reaction. Electron microscopy reveals the formation of needle-like alumina structures apparently enclosing iron oxide particles. The formation of such structures at relatively low temperatures is unexpected and has not previously been reported. Additionally, X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy confirmed the reduction of the oxidation state of iron, from Fe2O3 (haematite) to Fe3O4 (magnetite). Iron carbides, Fe3C and ɛ-Fe2C, were detected by electron microscopy through electron diffraction and lattice fringes analysis. Carbon deposition (coking) on the catalyst surface also occurs. The observed structural changes are likely to be closely correlated with the catalytic properties of the materials, in particular with catalyst deactivation, and thereby provide important avenues for future study of this industrially important reaction. Fe2O3/Al2O3 catalyst undergoes chemical and morphological changes during ethylbenzene dehydrogenation forming Al2O3 needles which appear to contain reduced Fe3O4 particles. Fe3C also forms during reaction.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1080/2055074X.2016.1234116
Depositing User: Paul Bingham
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 11:21
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 23:43

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