Thermally triggered injectable hydrogel, which induces mesenchymal stem cell differentiation to nucleus pulposus cells: Potential for regeneration of the intervertebral disc

THORPE, Abbey, BOYES, Victoria, SAMMON, Chris and LE MAITRE, Christine (2016). Thermally triggered injectable hydrogel, which induces mesenchymal stem cell differentiation to nucleus pulposus cells: Potential for regeneration of the intervertebral disc. Acta Biomaterialia, 36, 99-111.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.03.029

Abstract

There is an urgent need for new therapeutic options for low back pain, which target degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD). Here, we investigated a pNIPAM hydrogel system, which is liquid at 39°C ex vivo, where following injection into the IVD, body temperature triggers gelation. The combined effects of hypoxia (5% O2) and the structural environment of the hydrogel delivery system on the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), towards an NP cell phenotype was investigated. hMSCs were incorporated into the liquid hydrogel, the mixture solidified and cultured for up to 6weeks under 21% O2 or 5% O2 where viability was maintained. Immunohistochemistry revealed significant increases in NP matrix components: aggrecan; collagen type II and chondroitin sulphate after culture for 1week in 5% O2, accompanied by increased matrix staining for proteoglycans and collagen, observed histologically. NP markers HIF1α, PAX1 and FOXF1 were also significantly increased where hMSC were incorporated into hydrogels with accelerated expression observed when cultured in 5% O2. hMSCs cultured under hypoxic conditions, which mimic the native disc microenvironment, accelerate differentiation of hMSCs within the hydrogel system, towards the NP phenotype without the need for chondrogenic inducing medium or additional growth factors, thus simplifying the treatment strategy for the repair of IVD degeneration.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre
Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.03.029
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2016 10:31
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2016 10:31
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13254

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