Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of phase transformations in illitic clays to extract information on sigillata manufacturing processes

SCIAU, P., RELAIX, S., MIRGUET, C., GOUDEAU, P., BELL, Anthony M. T,, JONES, R. L. and PANTOS, E. (2007). Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of phase transformations in illitic clays to extract information on sigillata manufacturing processes. Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, 90 (1), 61-66.

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Official URL: http://www.springer.com/materials/journal/339
Link to published version:: 10.1007/s00339-007-4249-5

Abstract

The phase transformations as a function of the temperature of two natural illitic clays were investigated through XRD measurements, ex situ at room temperature with conventional set up and in situ with synchrotron radiation, in order to understand the origin of the corundum phase, which is one of the main characteristics of the red glaze (slip) of Terra Sigillata from south Gaul. These clays were chosen on the basis of their chemical composition and for the quality of vitrification in the firing temperature range of sigillata (1030–1080 ◦C). Results show that corundum can be formed above 1000 ◦C if the amount of Mg is not too high. The corundum formation does not result directly from the total decomposition of illite (< 900 ◦C) but from the formation and disruption of an intermediate potassium aluminum silicate phase. On the other hand, if chlorite is present in the raw clay so that the amount of Mg > 3–4 wt. %, this intermediate phase is not observed and only a spinel phase is formed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Work done in collaboration with CNRS Toulouse and Universite de Poitiers, France at the Daresbury Synchrotron Radiation Source in 2006
Identification Number: 10.1007/s00339-007-4249-5
Depositing User: Anthony Bell
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2016 11:23
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2016 11:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12779

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