Sports teams as complex adaptive systems: manipulating player numbers shapes behaviours during football small-sided games

SILVA, P, VILAR, L, DAVIDS, Keith, ARAÚJO, D and GARGANTA, J (2016). Sports teams as complex adaptive systems: manipulating player numbers shapes behaviours during football small-sided games. SpringerPlus, 5 (1), p. 191.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Davids sports teams as complex.pdf - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1813-5
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1813-5
Related URLs:

    Abstract

    Small-sided and conditioned games (SSCGs) in sport have been modelled as complex adaptive systems. Research has shown that the relative space per player (RSP) formulated in SSCGs can impact on emergent tactical behaviours. In this study we adopted a systems orientation to analyse how different RSP values, obtained through manipulations of player numbers, influenced four measures of interpersonal coordination observed during performance in SSCGs. For this purpose we calculated positional data (GPS 15 Hz) from ten U-15 football players performing in three SSCGs varying in player numbers (3v3, 4v4 and 5v5). Key measures of SSCG system behaviours included values of (1) players’ dispersion, (2) teams’ separateness, (3) coupling strength and time delays between participants’ emerging movements, respectively. Results showed that values of participants’ dispersion increased, but the teams’ separateness remained identical across treatments. Coupling strength and time delay also showed consistent values across SSCGs. These results exemplified how complex adaptive systems, like football teams, can harness inherent degeneracy to maintain similar team spatial–temporal relations with opponents through changes in inter-individual coordination modes (i.e., players’ dispersion). The results imply that different team behaviours might emerge at different ratios of field dimension/player numbers. Therefore, sport pedagogists should carefully evaluate the effects of changing RSP in SSCGs as a way of promoting increased or decreased pressure on players.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1813-5
    Page Range: p. 191
    Depositing User: Carole Harris
    Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2016 10:39
    Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 19:01
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/12547

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year

    View more statistics