Investigation of electronic quality of chemical bath deposited cadmium sulphide layers used in thin film photovoltaic solar cells

CHAURE, N. B., BORDAS, S., SAMANTILLEKE, A. P., CHAURE, S. N., HAIGH, J. and DHARMADASA, I. M. (2003). Investigation of electronic quality of chemical bath deposited cadmium sulphide layers used in thin film photovoltaic solar cells. Thin Solid Films, 437 (1-2), 10-17.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/S0040-6090(03)00671-0

Abstract

The investigation of electronic quality of chemical bath deposited cadmium sulphide (CdS) layers was the main objective of this work. For completeness, the US layers were characterised using X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, optical absorption, photoelectrochemical cell, DC electrical conductivity measurements, current-voltage and capacitance-voltage measurements using Gold/CdS Schottky contacts. It has been found that the US layers grown are hexagonal with (002) preferential orientation. The n-type CdS materials show 1-2 mum clusters consisting of 0.3-0.4 mum size crystallites. The optical band gap is 2.42 eV, which shows a red-shift to 2.25 eV upon heat treatment. Gold Schottky contacts produce large Schottky barriers of 1.02 eV with ideality factors of 1.50, indicating excellent electronic qualities. Schottky-Mott plots indicate a moderate doping concentration of 1.2 X 10(17) cm(-3), suitable for electronic device fabrication. However, the DC electrical conductivity measurements carried out at room temperature indicate a very low electrical conductivity in the range (4-11) X 10(-5) (Omega cm)(-1). This indicates a very low mobility value of (2-5) X 10(-3) cm(2) V-1 s(-1), which are five orders of magnitude below that of single crystal CdS. The way forward for further improvement of the electrical conductivity is discussed. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Thin Films Research Centre > Electronic Materials and Sensors Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0040-6090(03)00671-0
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 16:37
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2010 16:37
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1244

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