Quasi-static characterisation and impact testing of auxetic foam for sports safety applications

DUNCAN, Olly, FOSTER, Leon, SENIOR, Terry, ALDERSON, Andrew and ALLEN, Tom (2016). Quasi-static characterisation and impact testing of auxetic foam for sports safety applications. Smart Materials and Structures, 25 (5).

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/25/5/054014


This study compared low strain rate material properties and impact force attenuation of auxetic foam and the conventional open-cell polyurethane counterpart. This furthers our knowledge with regards to how best to apply these highly conformable and breathable auxetic foams to protective sports equipment. Cubes of auxetic foam measuring 150 x 150 x 150 mm were fabricated using a thermo-mechanical conversion process. Quasi-static compression confirmed the converted foam to be auxetic, prior to being sliced into 20 mm thick cuboid samples for further testing. Density, Poisson’s ratio and the stress-strain curve were all found to be dependent on the position of each cuboid from within the cube. Impact tests with a hemispherical drop hammer were performed for energies up to 6 J, on foams covered with a polypropylene sheet between 1 and 2 mm thick. Auxetic samples reduced peak force by ~10 times in comparison to the conventional foam. This work has shown further potential for auxetic foam to be applied to protective equipment, while identifying that improved fabrication methods are required.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special Issue Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/25/5/054014
Depositing User: Helen Garner
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 13:51
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 20:31
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11472

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