Behavioural and neurophysiological correlates of dyslexia in the continuous performance task

TAROYAN, Naira (2007). Behavioural and neurophysiological correlates of dyslexia in the continuous performance task. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118 (4), 845-855.

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Objective: To investigate whether attentional difficulties are a ‘core’ feature of developmental Dyslexia. Methods: Behavioural indices and event related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 10 dyslexic participants (ages 15.5–17.4) and 10 control participants (ages 14.4–18.3) in the Continuous Performance Task (CPT), an established test of attentional performance. Participants were screened to ensure that none was diagnosable as attention deficit (ADHD). Results: There were no significant differences in mean reaction time, error rate or sustained attention between the groups. By contrast, the P3 amplitude was significantly smaller and its latency significantly longer for the dyslexic group. This component was significantly lateralised in controls, whereas in dyslexics it was symmetrical. Conclusions: Under the relatively light workload conditions of the CPT, ‘pure’ dyslexic participants showed no behavioural signs of attentional difficulties. The attenuated, delayed and symmetrical ERPs in our dyslexic group may reflect abnormal information processing in the right parietal lobe and abnormal interhemispheric asymmetry in Dyslexia. Significance: The behavioural data suggest that abnormal attentional performance is not a ‘core’ feature of developmental Dyslexia, and highlight the importance of distinguishing between dyslexic participants with and without ADHD symptoms. The presence of electrophysiological markers of Dyslexia in CPT revealed the atypical brain organisation that characterises ‘pure’ Dyslexia.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Psychology Research Group
Identification Number: 17317301
Page Range: 845-855
Depositing User: Naira Taroyan
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2015 13:34
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 18:30

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