Investigation of factors influencing the hydrolytic degradation of single PLGA microparticles

KELES, Hakan, NAYLOR, Andrew, CLEGG, Francis and SAMMON, Chris (2015). Investigation of factors influencing the hydrolytic degradation of single PLGA microparticles. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 119, 228-241.

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Abstract Poly lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) is an important polymer matrix used to provide sustained release across a range of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and works by hydrolytic degradation within the body, thereby releasing entrapped drug. Processing and sterilisation can impact on the morphology and chemistry of PLGA therefore influencing the hydrolysis rate and in turn the release rate of any entrapped API. This paper has looked at the effect of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) processing, gamma irradiation, comonomer ratio and temperature on the hydrolysis of individual PLGA microparticles, using a combination of Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) imaging, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Differential Scanning Calorimetery (DSC) and Gel Permeation chromatography (GPC) to facilitate a better understanding of the physiochemical factors affecting the hydrolysis rate. This work has shown that scCO2 processing influences hydrolysis rates by increasing the porosity of the PLGA microparticles, increasing the lactide comonomer ratio decreases hydrolysis rates by reducing the hydrophilicity of the PLGA microparticles and increasing the gamma irradiation dose systematically increases the rate of hydrolysis due to reducing the overall molecular weight of the polymer matrix via a chain scission mechanism. Moreover this work shows that ATR-FTIR imaging facilitates the determination of a range of physicochemical parameters during the hydrolysis of a single PLGA microparticle including water ingress, water/polymer interface dimensions, degradation product distribution and hydrolysis rates for both lactide and glycolide copolymer units from the same experiment

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access article funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Available online 12 May 2015.
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Advanced Coatings and Composites Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number:
Page Range: 228-241
Depositing User: Helen Garner
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2015 11:54
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 14:06

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