Limb-specific and cross-transfer effects of arm-crank exercise training in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease

TEW, G., NAWAZ, S., ZWIERSKA, I. and SAXTON, J. M. (2009). Limb-specific and cross-transfer effects of arm-crank exercise training in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. Clinical science, 117 (12), 405-413.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/CS20080688
Link to published version:: 10.1042/CS20080688

Abstract

Arm cranking is a useful alternative exercise modality for improving walking performance in patients with intermittent claudication; however, the mechanisms of such an improvement are poorly understood. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of arm-crank exercise training on lower-limb O2 delivery in patients with intermittent claudication. A total of 57 patients with intermittent claudication (age, 70+−8 years; mean+−S.D.) were randomized to an arm-crank exercise group or a non-exercise control group. The exercise group trained twice weekly for 12 weeks. At baseline and 12 weeks, patients completed incremental tests to maximum exercise tolerance on both an arm-crank ergometer and a treadmill. Respiratory variables were measured breath-by-breath to determine peak VO2 (O2 uptake) and ventilatory threshold. Near-IR spectroscopy was used in the treadmill test to determine changes in calf muscle StO2 (tissue O2 saturation). Patients also completed a square-wave treadmill-walking protocol to determine VO2 kinetics. A total of 51 patients completed the study. In the exercise group, higher maximum walking distances (from 496+− 250 to 661+−324 m) and peak VO2 values (from 17.2+− 2.7 to 18.2+−3.4 ml·kg− 1 of body mass·min− 1) were recorded in the incremental treadmill test (P<0.05). After training, there was also an increase in time to minimum StO2 (from 268+−305 s to 410+−366 s), a speeding of VO2 kinetics (from 44.7+−10.4 to 41.3+−14.4 s) and an increase in submaximal StO2 during treadmill walking (P<0.05). There were no significant changes in the control group. The results suggest that the improvement in walking performance after arm-crank exercise training in patients with intermittent claudication is attributable, at least in part, to improved lower-limb O2 delivery.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number: 10.1042/CS20080688
Depositing User: Sarah Ward
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010 17:01
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2011 18:03
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/1033

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