Stress among UK academics : identifying who copes best?

DARABI, Mitra, MACASKILL, Ann and REIDY, Lisa (2016). Stress among UK academics : identifying who copes best? Journal of Further and Higher Education. (In Press)

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Link to published version:: 10.1080/0309877X.2015.1117598

Abstract

This paper examined the levels of stress and coping strategies among UK academics. Adopting a positive psychology approach, the influence of the character strengths of hope, optimism, gratitude and self-efficacy, on stress, subjective well-being (SWB), and mental health (GHQ) was examined in 216 academics in a UK university. The study explored the relationship between coping styles and work-coping variables of sense of coherence and work locus of control and stress. No significant differences on the stress, well-being and mental health measures were found for participants' gender, whether in full-time or part-time employment and level of seniority within the university. Participants using problem-focussed coping experienced lower levels of stress while dysfunctional coping was a positive predictor of stress. Hope agency, hope pathway, gratitude, optimism and self-efficacy were the strongest positive predictors of satisfaction with life (SWL), while levels of perceived stress negatively predicted SWL. Gratitude, hope agency and self-efficacy positively predicted positive affect, while stress was a negative predictor. Gratitude, hope agency, self-efficacy and optimism were negative significant predictors of negative affect while stress was a positive predictor. Gratitude positively predicted mental health, while stress was a negative predictor and optimism was a significant moderator of the relationship between stress and mental health. Academics with higher levels of gratitude, self-efficacy, hope and optimism report lower levels of stress at work and higher levels of well-being as measured by higher life satisfaction, higher positive affect and lower negative affect. New approaches to stress management training are suggested based on these findings.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Psychology Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1080/0309877X.2015.1117598
Depositing User: Ann Macaskill
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 10:29
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 23:50
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/10283

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