Does the factor theory of satisfaction explain political voting behaviour?

SCHOFIELD, Peter and REEVES, Peter (2015). Does the factor theory of satisfaction explain political voting behaviour? European Journal of Marketing, 49 (5/6), 968-992.

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Purpose – The validity of the three factor theory of satisfaction in explaining consumer decision making for products and services is well established. This paper explains voter perceptions and voting behaviour in the 2010 UK General Election on the basis of this theory, by evaluating the differential impact of government performance on key political issues defined as hierarchical voter satisfaction factor types.

Design/methodology/approach – British Election Survey (2010) data is used to test the relative influence of hierarchical voter satisfaction factor types in predicting: (1) the perceived overall performance of the former Labour government; (2) actual voting behaviour. Sequential and multinomial logistic regression models are used in (1) and (2), respectively.

Findings – ‘Basic’ factors explain more of the variance in perceived overall government performance and voting behaviour than ‘performance’ factors. There are significant positive main and interaction effects on Conservative and Liberal Democrat party votes from Labour’s under performance on the ‘basic’ factors. The results have important implications for political marketing and voting behaviour research.

Originality/value – The study establishes the relevance of the three factor theory of satisfaction within a political marketing context. It demonstrates that, controlling for party loyalty, perceived government performance on the hierarchical voter satisfaction factors explains voter perceptions and voting behaviour to a significant degree. In particular, it highlights the criticality for voting behaviour of both the direct and indirect impacts of ‘basic’ factor under performance.

Keywords - political marketing, three factor theory, voting behaviour

Item Type: Article
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Sheffield Business School > Department of Service Sector Management
Identification Number:
Page Range: 968-992
Depositing User: Peter Schofield
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 08:34
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 04:38

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