The production and tribology of hard facing coatings for agricultural applications

ROFFEY, Paul (2008). The production and tribology of hard facing coatings for agricultural applications. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University.

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Abstract

This research has been carried out by the author at the Materials and Engineering Research Institute at Sheffield Hallam University in collaboration with Chapmans Agricultural Ltd. Abrasive wear is a significant issue in many industries but is of particular significance in agriculture. This research is being carried out due to the demand for a hard wearing, economical coating for use in the agricultural industry. A primary objective has been to review and develop an in depth understanding of the type of wear suffered by metal shares in agricultural soils. The affect of soil properties and abrasive wear environments on the amount of wear that occurs, and the way in which material properties can be used to reduce or prevent this has also been investigated. A review of the diverse range of soil properties, such as the mineral content, moisture content, soils strengths has been carried out in order to create an appropriate wear test procedure. The coatings developed for testing were modifications to an existing powder metallurgy coating. The modifications were made by the addition of selected hard phases to the powder prior to sintering. The resulting materials were characterised in terms of sinterability, hardness and abrasive wear resistance. Prior to commencing this work little or no data existed on the wear performance of the pre-existing coating. Wear resistance has been measured using a fixed ball micro-scale abrasive wear test (also known as the ball-cratering wear test) with SiC and SiO2 abrasives and also using a modified version of the ASTM G65 abrasive wear test which allowed testing in dry and wet modes. Limited field trials were performed to determine the abrasive wear resistance in real soil. Results from wear testing have determined that the optimum modification to the coating can improve performance compared to the unmodified coating. Detailed scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been performed on the wear scars and has revealed the resultant wear mechanisms and role that the hard phase additions play in improving the wear resistance. The influence of the hard phase addition on the microstructure has also been studied. The wear volume and corresponding wear coefficient from laboratory studies have been used to determine the optimum level of addition that can be added to produce an improved wear resistance. The results show the optimum hard phase addition to be 100μm WC/WZC particles at around IOwt.% with 15 μm WC at 5wt.% also providing improved wear resistance.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
Date Deposited: 10 May 2013 11:03
Last Modified: 10 May 2013 11:03
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7028

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