On base station localization in wireless sensor networks

KIZILOZ, Hakan (2020). On base station localization in wireless sensor networks. Balkan Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 8 (1), 57-61.

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Official URL: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bajece/issue/52149...
Open Access URL: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/... (Published version)
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    Abstract

    Wireless sensor networks (WSN) has been a prominent topic for the past decade. WSN consist of multiple sensor nodes, which collect and convey data to the base station(s). Sensor nodes are expected to run on batteries, and it makes energy the scarce resource for sensor nodes. Energy expenditure of a sensor node mainly depends on data transmission, which is exponentially affected by transmission distance. Consequently, if sensor nodes forward their data to the base station directly, distant sensor nodes will exhaust quickly. On contrary, minimization of transmission distance for each sensor node, i.e., each node transmits its data to the closest sensor node on its path to the base station, depletes the energy of sensor nodes that are closer to the base station fast. As a result, the flow balance in the network must be optimized. In this study, we investigate the effect of optimization of the base station location along with flow balance optimization. For this purpose, we compare five different localization methods on different topologies; three statically located linear programming approaches, a dynamically located nonlinear programming approach and a heuristic based hybrid approach. Experimental results indicate that lifetime improvement of up to 42% is possible in selected scenarios.

    Item Type: Article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.17694/bajece.613154
    Page Range: 57-61
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 15:07
    Last Modified: 17 May 2022 15:08
    URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30148

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