Supervised exercise training and increased physical activity to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: Study protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility trial

WOODWARD, A., BROOM, David, DALTON, Caroline, METWALLY, M. and KLONIZAKIS, Markos (2020). Supervised exercise training and increased physical activity to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: Study protocol for a randomized controlled feasibility trial. Trials, 21 (1), p. 101.

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3962-7 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3962-7
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    Abstract

    Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects up to 20% of women and is characterised by higher amounts of visceral fat, obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and reproductive and cardiometabolic complications. Increased oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) concentrations have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related events. Oxidised LDL is rarely used as a marker for CVD risk in PCOS-related studies despite its widely accepted role in atherogenesis and the increased risk factors associated with PCOS. Additionally, prolonged periods of sedentary behaviour can negatively affect metabolic health. No studies have specifically examined the effects of reducing sedentary behaviour on CVD risk in PCOS with a lifestyle physical activity intervention. The aim of the current study is to measure the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) examining the effects of supervised exercise and reducing sedentary behaviour in women with PCOS on CVD risk. Methods/design: A feasibility, exploratory RCT will be conducted. Fifty-one pre-menopausal females will be randomly allocated between an exercise group (EG), a lifestyle physical activity group (LPAG) and a control group. Participants in the EG will undertake a 12-week supervised aerobic exercise programme. The LPAG will aim to increase daily physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour for 12 weeks. The control group will not take part in any intervention. Primary outcomes are feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and procedures. Secondary outcomes are oxidised LDL, aerobic fitness, blood lipid profile, fasting glucose and insulin, testosterone and inflammatory markers. Discussion: PCOS is associated with various increased risk factors for CVD, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Whether oxidised LDL has a role in this increased risk is not yet known. The present study aims to measure the feasibility of implementing structured exercise training and/or increased lifestyle physical activity in women with PCOS, so that a subsequent adequately powered RCT can be designed. The results from the study will be used to refine the interventions and determine the acceptability of the study design. A limitation is that some self-monitoring in the lifestyle physical activity group may not be reliable or replicable, for example inputting information about time spent cleaning/gardening.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Exercise; Low-density lipoprotein; Metabolism; Polycystic ovary syndrome; General & Internal Medicine; Cardiovascular System & Hematology; 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology; 1103 Clinical Sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3962-7
    Page Range: p. 101
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 16:50
    Last Modified: 08 Jun 2020 11:06
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25809

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