Understanding how local authorities in England address obesity: A wider determinants of health perspective

NOBLES, J, CHRISTENSEN, A, BUTLER, M, RADLEY, D, PICKERING, Katie, SAUNDERS, J, WEIR, C, SAHOTA, P and GATELY, P (2019). Understanding how local authorities in England address obesity: A wider determinants of health perspective. Health Policy, 123 (10), 998-1003.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.07.016

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Local government organisations (LAs) have a major role in the prevention and treatment of obesity in England. This study aims to 1) understand what actions are being taken by LAs to address obesity, and 2) determine how actions counter the perceived causes of obesity when mapped against the Wider Determinants of Health (WDoH) model. Thirty-two LAs were invited to complete an Action Mapping Tool, 10 participated. The tool requires LAs to document actions being implemented locally to address obesity. This then enables LAs to map their actions against the perceived causes of obesity, using the WDoH model as an analytical lens. We collated data from the 10 LAs and used an adapted framework synthesis method for analysis. 280 actions were documented across the 10 LAs; almost 60% (n = 166) targeted Individual Lifestyle Factors (ILF), with 7.1% (n = 20), 16.8% (n = 47) and 16.4% (n = 46) targeting Social and Community Factors (SCF), Living and Working Conditions (LWC) and Wider Conditions (WC) respectively. Conversely, 60% of causes were spread across the LWC and WC, with 16.4% regarded as ILF. Physical activity-, weight management-, and health improvement- programmes were most frequently implemented by LAs. There is a stark mismatch between LA actions on obesity and its perceived causes. Given that LAs acknowledge the complex aetiology of obesity, an equally comprehensive approach should be implemented in the future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Action mapping; Health policy; Local government; Obesity prevention; Obesity treatment; Whole systems approach; Wider determinants of health; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1605 Policy and Administration; Health Policy & Services
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.07.016
Page Range: 998-1003
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2019 08:11
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2019 08:15
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25292

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